How to protect against employment scams? ——Job hunting guide for college graduates

# How to protect against employment scams? ——Job hunting guide for college graduates

## Summary


This article introduces the types, characteristics, prevention tips and response methods of various employment scams that college graduates may encounter during the job search process. It aims to help college graduates improve their job security awareness, avoid employment risks, and successfully achieve their employment goals.

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Q1: What is an employment scam?


A1: Employment scams refer to the fact that some criminals use the psychology of college graduates to find jobs in the name of recruitment, training, internship, etc., and use false or exaggerated information to trick college graduates into paying various fees or engaging in illegal activities, thereby infringing the law. Acts on the legitimate rights and interests of college graduates.


Q2: What are the common types and characteristics of employment scams?


A2: According to the statistics and analysis of the human resources and social security department, employment scams mainly have the following types and characteristics:


• Black agency trap: Some illegal employment agencies charge various disguised fees from job seekers in the name of introducing jobs. Their typical characteristic is that they do not have relevant qualifications such as human resources service licenses, and they pretend to or forge relevant qualifications to defraud job-seeking graduates’ information. Even if these illegal employment agencies provide job information, they often provide false employment positions that do not match the needs of college graduates.



• Part-time job trap: Some scammers carry out scams under the guise of high-paying part-time jobs, making money with the click of a mouse, and cashback for swiping orders. It is characterized by low threshold, claiming to be easy to work part-time and with generous salary.

Charging trap: In the name of recruitment, employers or intermediaries charge college graduates registration fees, clothing fees, physical examination fees, training fees, deposits, job stability deposits, information review fees, etc. Some intermediaries cooperate with illegal employers.

The intermediaries first collect fees in the name of recommending jobs. When graduates join the employer, the illegal employers fabricate various reasons to refuse the graduates to take up the job or dismiss them midway. There are also some institutions that promise high-paying industry internship positions to graduates, but graduates must pay related service fees.


• Loan trap: Some intermediaries or employers use high-paying jobs as bait, promising college graduates employment after training, but they must borrow money from designated lending institutions to pay for training fees. After training, training institutions often find it difficult to fulfill their promises, or the jobs they recommend are far from the original promises. Graduates may face the disadvantage of being burdened with high debts but not finding employment.


Pyramid selling trap: Pyramid selling refers to the behavior in which organizers or operators obtain the qualifications to join or develop others by developing people, requiring them to pay fees or purchase goods, and seek illegal benefits.

MLM is generally spread through highly recommended channels by relatives and friends. Basically, the gimmick is to make a lot of money easily and get a job directly without an interview. MLM interviews or work locations are relatively remote and change frequently, and the company’s business cannot be clearly explained.


• Contract trap: During the contract signing process, individual employers infringe on the legitimate rights and interests of college graduates in order to reduce employment costs and avoid employment responsibilities. Some only sign an “Employment Agreement” or agree on work-related matters verbally through conversations, phone calls, etc., without signing a written labor contract.

Some contracts are simple in content and lack specific content such as job position, working location, salary, labor conditions, contract period, etc. Some use the excuse of underpaying taxes to prepare two “yin and yang contracts” with different salaries at the same time. Some include “overlord clauses” that require not getting married within a few years, unconditional obedience to overtime work, and no salary settlement when leaving during the probation period, etc.


Probation period trap: Some employers agree on a long probation period that exceeds the legal limit, or repeatedly agree on probation periods. Some employers use the probation period as an excuse to pay wages lower than the minimum wage stipulated by the local government, or do not pay social insurance.

In order to reduce employment costs, some employers recruit a large number of fresh college graduates, and agree on lower wages during the probation period. After the probation period is over, they terminate the employment for various reasons, “fake probation, real use.”


• Information trap: In order to increase the attractiveness to college graduates, some employers often deliberately exaggerate the size of the unit, performance, development prospects, salary and benefits, etc. Some employers play word games, blurring the job content of recruitment positions, and beautify salesperson, salesperson and other positions into attractive names such as “marketing manager” and “business department director”.


How to protect against employment scams?


A3: College graduates should pay attention to the following points when applying for jobs:


• Obtain and understand recruitment information through legal, legitimate, and reputable information channels. You can apply for jobs at local public employment talent service agencies, public recruitment websites, and websites of honest human resources service agencies recommended and recognized by the human resources and social security departments.


• Understand the background of the employer through various channels and do not trust blindly. After receiving the recruitment invitation, try to communicate with relatives and friends who have certain social experience and listen calmly to their opinions and suggestions. We must be more vigilant about companies that recruit large numbers of people over a long period of time and have high turnover rates.


When applying for a job, you should inquire about the position information and work content in detail. Don’t just look at the surface. This will avoid discovering that the actual work is different from expectations after joining the job, which will waste time and energy in job hunting. Regarding job content, work location, working hours, wages, etc., require the employer to provide written recruitment information or contracts, and do not easily believe in verbal promises.


• Protect personal information when applying for a job, and do not disclose sensitive information such as personal ID number, bank card number, credit card account number to strangers to avoid being used by criminals. For recruitment units that require personal information, they must carefully verify their authenticity and legality, do not trust online recruitment information, and do not click on unknown links or QR codes at will.


• Pay attention to safety when applying for a job, do not go to remote and uninhabited places for interviews, do not accept invitations or entertainment from strangers, do not believe in information about high-paying part-time jobs, training, internships, etc., do not participate in any illegal or criminal activities, and do not join Any organization or group involved in pyramid schemes.



You must protect your rights when applying for a job. If you encounter employment fraud or an employer that infringes upon your legitimate rights and interests, you must promptly complain and report to the relevant departments, or protect your legitimate rights and interests through legal channels. You can report the situation to the local human resources and social security department, police, industrial and commercial department, consumer association and other institutions.

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